[76] The soils created from these deposits support a heathland habitat which sustains all six native British reptile species. There may have been a Saxon raid at Bindon in 614, though the location is not certain. [129][130], For representation in Parliament Dorset is divided into eight Parliamentary constituencies—five county constituencies and three borough constituencies. Cornwall | Sein Cottage, in den Wäldern östlich von Dorchester gelegen, sowie sein Haus in Dorchester werden vom National Trust verwaltet und können besichtigt werden. Shropshire | There is a group of Romano-British inscriptions at Wareham[citation needed]. Kent | [22] In order to provide the extra food required, additional land was enclosed for farming during this time. [47] First popularised as a tourist destination by George III's frequent visits to Weymouth, the county's coastline, seaside resorts and its sparsely populated rural areas attract millions of visitors each year. [59] Lyme Regis and Swanage are small coastal towns popular with tourists. [228][229] In August 2007 work began on a £32 million expansion programme which includes enlargement of the terminal building and an increase in parking. In 1832 unions were outlawed and the six men, now known as the Tolpuddle Martyrs, were transported, becoming national heroes to the working classes. Armed only with clubs and a variety of farming implements, they were easily dispersed. Middlesex | [66] Portland and Purbeck stone are of national importance as a building material and for restoring some of Britain's most famous landmarks. Worcestershire, 50.716388888889-2.4330555555556Koordinaten: 50° 43′ N, 2° 26′ W, Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Over half the county is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. [144] The average GVA for the 16 regions of South West England was £4,693 million. [137][138][133] The Mid Dorset and North Poole constituency has been represented by the Conservative MP, Michael Tomlinson since 2015. [123] In both authorities, elections for the entire council occur every four years. Coenred, the sub-king of Dorset at the end of the 7th century, was father of King Ine. Poole Stadium hosts regular greyhound racing and is the home to top-flight speedway team Poole Pirates. Oxfordshire | [24] The disease, more commonly known as the Black Death, created an epidemic that spread rapidly and wiped out a third of the population of the country. Taking the 2011 census as a starting point, each year, the previous year's population is aged by one year, births and deaths are added and removed respectively whilst those leaving the county are subtracted and those moving in are added, each according to age and gender. [270] Dorset has two higher education establishments situated in the heart of the county's south east conurbation. The A354 also connects to Salisbury after travelling north-east from Weymouth in the south of the county. [42][43] In total some 4,500 Dorset servicemen died in the war and of the county's towns and villages, only one, Langton Herring, known as a Thankful Village, had no residents killed. Drax retained the seat in 2015 and 2017. The county town is Dorchester which is in the south. [157] It is estimated that 37,500 people work in Dorset's tourism sector. During the Iron Age, the British tribe known as the Durotrigesestablished a s… [106] Excluding hills such as the Dorset Downs, the average annual temperature of the county is 9.8 to 12 °C (49.6 to 53.6 °F). In the south-west, a number of small rivers run into the sea along the Dorset coastline; most notable of these are the Char, Brit, Bride and Wey. [119] Almost 43.7% are employed in a professional or technical capacity (Standard Occupational Classification 2010, groups 1–3), just over 10.3% are administrators or secretaries (group 4), around 12.8% have a skilled trade (group 5), over 18% are employed at a low-level in the care, leisure, sales or customer relations sector (groups 6 and 7) and 14.8% are operatives or in elementary occupations (groups 8 and 9). [271] Previously named Bournemouth Polytechnic, it was granted university status as a result of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992. King Ethelred I (866-871) is buried at Wimborne, while St Cuthberga, abbess of Wimborne, died in 725. [121] For the BCP council, voters choose 76 councillors from 33 wards, with ten wards returning three candidates apiece and 23 wards, two. Dorset (/ˈdɔːrsɪt/; archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. [88] Much of the county drains into three rivers, the Frome, Piddle and Stour which all flow to the sea in a south-easterly direction. [34], During the 18th century, much smuggling took place along the Dorset coast; its coves, caves and sandy beaches provided opportunities for gangs such as the Hawkhursts to stealthily bring smuggled goods ashore. [95][96] Jutting out into the English Channel at roughly the midpoint of the Dorset coastline is the Isle of Portland, a limestone island that is connected to the mainland by Chesil Beach, a 27-kilometre (17 mi) long shingle barrier beach protecting Britain's largest tidal lagoon.[97][98]. Northamptonshire | It became a higher education institute in 2001 and was given degree-awarding powers in 2008. The Dorset Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958, being the county regiment of Dorset. Dorset or Dorsetshire. [23], Another mediaeval industry, which continues today, was the manufacture of rope. [124], The two authorities came into existence on 1 April 2019, when Bournemouth and Poole merged with Christchurch, one of six second-tier districts previously governed by Dorset County Council, leaving the other five districts - Weymouth and Portland, West Dorset, North Dorset, Purbeck and East Dorset - to form a second UA.


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