Gallium is a soft, silvery, glass-like metal used primarily in electronic circuits, semiconductors and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The element has a strong tendency to supercool below its freezing point. Tell me about your social media and/or content marketing need in the comments below. Has additive manufacturing had any impact on your business? It is also commonly used in pharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine tests. In its purest extracted form, gallium is a vibrant silver color. It is also useful in high-temperature thermometers, barometers, pharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine tests. In the periodic table, gallium lies in group 13 (former group 3A), between aluminum and indium, and in the same group as thallium. It is easily obtained by smelting, however, and most commercial gallium is extracted as a byproduct of aluminum and zinc production, according to Chemicool. In addition, it has a low melting point of 85.57 F (29.76 C) — less than 10 degrees above room temperature — so if you were to pick up a lump of gallium, it would literally melt from the warmth of your hand. He later isolated the metal by electrolysis. Before gallium was discovered, it was predicted by Russian chemist and inventor Dimitri Mendeleev, the creator of the periodic table of elements. World demand for gallium is expected to remain high as gallium is particularly important for clean energy technologies. The compound gallium nitride (GaN) is used as a semiconductor in Blu-ray technology, mobile phones and pressure sensors for touch switches. Answer. ." The Crypto Hobbit: @BrianDColwell However, exposure to large amounts of gallium may cause throat or chest irritation, and the fumes can lead to some serious conditions, according to Chemistry LibreTexts. Approximately 95 percent of gallium consumption is in the electronics industry, according to. This is used over fiber optics to carry information long distances. Unlike all my other integrated circuit wafers, this one is incredibly thin. Four years later the French chemist Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran found a new element, to which he gave the name gallium, to fill this gap. Four years later the French chemist Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran found a new … Basic Gallium Facts. By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. First postulated by pioneering Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleyev in 1871, he predicted gallium’s properties and its location below aluminum on the periodic table. You must have JavaScript enabled to enjoy a limited number of articles over the next 30 days. The element has no known biological value. Here are interesting facts about this element. Gallium is a post-transition metal. 3. Liquid gallium cannot be kept in a glass or metal container because it expands 3.1 percent when it freezes. Check out the November 8, 2020 issue of Industrial Heating, featuring the "Nadcap Heat-Treatment-Specific Guidance", "A Closer Look at NDT in Aerospace Applications", and much more. Asked by Wiki User. Gallium can form a number of compounds. [2] Gallium first became recognized as a critical mineral resource during World War II and was used in the core of the first atomic bomb to help stabilize the plutonium crystal structure of a gallium-plutonium alloy developed as part of the Manhattan Project. Isotopes: There are 27 known isotopes of gallium ranging from Ga-60 to Ga-86. 22 Adorable and Funny Animal Pets … Gallium when painted on to glass forms a brilliant mirror. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. A Dictionary of Nursing. In fact, about 95 percent of all gallium produced is used to make gallium arsenide (GaAs), a compound used in microwave and infrared circuits, semiconductors and blue and violet LEDs, according to Chemistry Explained. In May 2018, the U.S. Department of the Interior, in coordination with other executive branch agencies, published a list of 35 critical minerals (83 FR 23295), including gallium. Gallium does not conduct electricity well, and is known as a semiconductor.That means gallium can be used in computers to make them work. Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gallium. Chief among them in economic importance are: Gallium(III) arsenide (GaAs), Gallium(III) hydroxide (Ga(OH)3), Gallium(III) nitride (GaN), and Gallium(III) phosphide (GaP). Gallium's boiling point is more than eight times higher than its melting point on the absolute scale — the greatest ratio between melting point and boiling point of any element. With a boiling point of 2477 K (2204 C or 3999 F), gallium has one of the largest liquid ranges of any element. Then if you set it back down, it would solidify again. Actinium is the third elemen…, Indium (revised) Etched gallium arsenide wafer. Sources: Gallium may be found as a trace element in sphalerite, diaspore, bauxite, coal, and germanite. Gallium was discovered spectroscopically in 1875 by the French chemist Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran. In 2018, Integrated Circuits accounted for 68% of U.S. gallium consumption, optoelectronic devices accounted for 30%, and research and development accounted for 2%. . Zinc, which has an atomic number of 30, sits next to gallium on the periodic table. When painted on glass, gallium turns into a lustrous mirror. For webinar sponsorship information, visit www.bnpevents.com/webinars or email webinars@bnpmedia.com. n. the chemical element of atomic number 31, a soft, silvery-white metal that melts at about 30°C, just above room temperature. Here are some interesting facts about gallium. Copyright ©2020. Gallium is a bright blue-silver metal with a melting point low enough you can melt a chunk in your hand. Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. We continue to review some of the most important materials in heat treatment and metallurgy. To one of these gaps, at atomic number 31, Mendeleev assigned the element the provisional name of ekaaluminum. Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. It has one of the largest liquid ranges of any metal – with a melting point of 85.57°F (29.76°C) and a boiling point of 3999°F (2204°C). ." Another unusual trait of gallium is that it can be supercooled quite easily. A Dictionary of Nursing. He named the hypothetical element eka-aluminum. Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gallium. Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. Fun Facts . Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview about the Chemical Element Gallium, Interesting Facts about the Element Mercury, Are there more than three States of Matter – Yes, Information on the History of Dinosaur Discovery. Interesting Facts about Gallium. On the periodic table of the elements, gallium is grouped in the Boron family (group 13), which includes the semi-metal boron (B) and the metals aluminium (Al), gallium, indium (In) and thallium (Tl), according to Chemistry LibreTexts. It is considered non-toxic and is not used by plants or animals. Identified by its characteristic spectrum (two violet lines), de Boisbaudran recognized it as a new element. "gallium 2. Indium is par…, Curium (revised) Gallium arsenide is used to produce ultra-brite blue LEDs. Post-transition metals have some of the traits of the transition metals but tend to be softer and conduct more poorly. Encyclopedia.com. It cannot be disputed that trade wars with China could limit the ability of the U.S. to secure necessary gallium resources in the future. Please click here to continue without javascript.. Melting point: 302.91 K (29.76°C or 85.57°F). Gallium's melting point (302.93 K) is low enough to melt the metal in the palm of your hand. World Encyclopedia. Gallium. 18 Oct. 2020 . Highly pure gallium is only slowly attacked by mineral acids. When subjected to an electrical current this compound produces coherent or laser light. Because of the likelihood of rapid growth in the areas of photovoltaics and clean energy technologies, there is a very real chance of a bottleneck in the gallium supply pipeline. Dan Herring is president of THE HERRING GROUP Inc., which specializes in consulting services (heat treatment and metallurgy) and technical services (industrial education/training and process/equipment assistance). As it solidifies, gallium expands 3.1 %. Properties: Gallium has a melting point of 29.78°C, boiling point of 2403°C, specific gravity of 5.904 (29.6°C), specific gravity of 6.095 (29.8°C, liguid), with a valence of 2 or 3. Gallium’s most common uses are in the electronics industry. Here is a collection of gallium facts, including the discovery, properties, uses, and sources of the element. © Top Answer . https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gallium, "gallium

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